Representative Compliance and Preservation Projects


Historical investigations of a portion of the Bozeman Trail in Park County, Montana, were conducted for land use development considerations by city and county agencies. Investigations located the trail through cartographic sources, land surveying principles and GPS, and recommendations were made for interpretation and preservation of the trail.

Cultural evaluations of an abandoned grade of the Northern Pacific Low Line in Gallatin County, Montana, were conducted to determine the potential effects of a commercial development on historic resources, and to mitigate impacts.

U.S Hwy. 26 archaeological evaluations for highway reconstruction and district-wide planning support for the Idaho Department of Transportation involved a cultural resource inventory of a highway right-of-way. Cultural evaluations were part of an environmental assessment that focused on plant surveys and wetland delineation.

Cultural investigations of four proposed county road abandonments in Paradise Valley, Montana, determined the historical significance of the road units in order to create a beneficial result for a proposed development, the county, and the public.

Locating portions of the Old Walla Walla Trail in Missoula County, Montana, was conducted in order to aid the county in open space land use planning.


Lima water system upgrade project was a Class III cultural resource inventory of a utility easement and water source area in Beaverhead County, Montana.

Class III cultural resource inventory of the Boe Ranch & State Lands in Sweetgrass County, Montana, was conducted to locate archaeological and historical resources located in the area of potential effect for mining expansion.

Cultural investigations and a visual impact assessment of a self-supporting cell tower in Flathead County, Montana, were conducted to aid in the proper visual placement of a cell tower addition, and to insure that significant cultural resources were not impacted during construction.

Historical and architectural inventory of the Herbert Ranch Complex in Missoula County, Montana, involved evaluating resources managed by a petroleum company, determining their National Register eligibility, and making recommendations for the management of those resources.

Participant in the Kennecott Energy-Class III cultural resource surveys in Campbell County, Wyoming, located and evaluated cultural resources in the area of potential effect for mining activities.

Class III cultural resource investigations of a seismic line test route corridor in Blaine County, Montana, were conducted in order to locate and evaluate resources located within the area of potential affect for seismic testing activities.


Class III cultural resource surveys throughout Lewis & Clark County, Montana, were conducted for the U.S. Forest Service as part of an environmental assessment. These projects required locating historical and archaeological resources, and determining if federally proposed land transfers would adversely affect significant resources.

Class III cultural resource survey of the Axtell bridge fishing access site was conducted to determine if proposed surface disturbance activities (expansion and modification) would adversely affect any National Register quality properties.

Participant in Class III cultural resource surveys for federally proposed land transfers in Thunder Basin National Grasslands, Wyoming.

Participant in class III cultural investigations covering 32,000 acres of emergency fire rehabilitation lands in Blaine and Minidoka Counties, Idaho.

Participant in cultural resource investigations for emergency fire rehabilitation projects covering 7,000 acres in Lincoln County, Idaho.


Mitigation of cultural resources located in a utility easement and water source area in Beaverhead County, Montana, involved aiding engineers in the placement of a new city water system.

Archaeological investigations and salvage archaeology of the Dozer Rock Site mitigated a 4,000-year-old human occupation site to allow for mining expansion.

Architectural survey and National Register nomination of the Porter Ranch in Flathead County, Montana, was conducted in order to evaluate historic resources managed by the Montana Department of Fish Wildlife & Parks, and to make recommendations for the long-term management of those resources.

Research design and mitigation plans for the Moraine Edge and Rocky Pass archaeological sites were created due to sub-surface findings exposed during road construction activities in Stillwater County, Montana.


The Confederated Salish-Kootenai Tribes management of fish & game and the conflicts of state and tribal game laws on the Flathead Reservation was a study bringing to light the roots of a long-standing controversy of jurisdiction.

Ethnographic fieldwork documenting cultural change in farming and traditional medicine practices in Northeast Thailand was conducted in order to assist in several rural Thailand self-reliance studies.


Archaeological and geophysical investigations of the historic Fort William Henry Harrison Cemetery in Lewis and Clark County, Montana, were conducted to determine if unknown bodies were interred at a site believed to be abandoned, to locate information regarding the cause of death of those originally interred at the site, and to determine the time period in which the cemetery was used.

Publication of a historic walking tour was conducted for the city of Missoula, Montana, to promote a historic residential neighborhood.

Participant in the research, design and written publication of The Keogh Bison Kill Site, in Stillwater County, Montana. This text was created as an in-depth archaeological publication designed to disseminate information to the scientific community, the general public, and the local school system.

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